揭秘网络战 玄机 超越第五空间的搏杀 ~
Secret of Cyberwarfare the "mystery" The Fight Beyond The Fifth Domain
Source Chinese Science & Technology Daily
Rough Mandarin Chinese Translation Page 1
Secret of Cyberwarfare (the) "mystery": The Fight Beyond The Fifth Domain
At 11:45 on the June 21, 2011 Source: "Science and Technology Daily
Network warfare is after following the land, sea, air, space, space war? Chips military footprint in the U.S. network is behind the mystery of what? Through a network of natural space, technology space, social space and cognitive space, and in the end you want to Ares faces metamorphosis of sorts appearance? The U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency of the close attention of the brain computer interface (BCI), whether indicates that the brain is the ultimate battlefield network warfare? See Technology Daily ZTS -
The United States and Britain has sent a strong message to planning to respond to cyber war, which the United States deemed a strategic report in cyber-attacks "acts of war", claiming to use traditional military force "and" revenge attacks from other countries, the Internet, "If you turn off the grid, we might throw you in the chimney missiles. Britain declared to develop a network of weapons tit-for-tat, the relevant officials recently confirmed for the first time the existence of this plan.
Prior to China's relevant departments also confirmed our military to improve level of troops network security has been to build a "network the Blues. Although this is not a true network forces, but the news came out, Western public opinion naturally clamor from the Voice of a questioned and blamed around the network warfare explore gradually heated up.
The network warfare misunderstanding & bias
Throughout the history of human warfare, is closely related to the naming rights of the war has been working with the battlefield. In the long era of cold weapons, the battlefield is limited to land, so the the land battle natural long-term has the naming rights of war. However, when the war was still flat, the human mind has long been beyond the ground, the great military strategist Sun Tzu romantic exaggerated strokes to express a prophecy, a good guard, hidden in under nine places; good attacker , moving in the empyrean.
Confirmed the prophecy of the grandson to the development of science and technology, naval warfare, air warfare, space warfare come one after another. If by land, sea and air, the day of a three-dimensional battlefield but a natural space, "ARPANET" hatched by the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency in 1969, gave the war brought a technology space , it does not have the length, width, higher traditional physical concept, but the interpretation of the same thrilling fight. Thus, in accordance with the inertia of thinking, given the field's naming rights of war naturally. Since then, as the fifth space war after following land warfare, naval warfare, air warfare and space warfare, network warfare concept is able to spread rapidly.
But people mistakenly think that network warfare is accompanied with a mouse, keyboard, and virus and attack banks accompanying disrupt the telecommunications and paralyzed grid, a high-tech form of war, thus ignoring the decoding of the connotation of this new form of war. Indeed, the rendering from the United States has continued to suffer from hacker attacks, it seems that the network warfare is synonymous hacker war. And often as a network war classic case, "during the Gulf War, the U.S. military through the substitution of the virus chip paralyzed the Iraqi air defense system" during the war in Kosovo, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 'hacker' blocking NATO mail server "paralysis of the war in Iraq, the U.S. military 'hacker' Iraqi television network ", over time, people seem to feel that, fathom these cases, we get a glimpse of the whole picture of the network warfare.
In fact, this is a misunderstanding and biased look at tomorrow's war with yesterday's vision, the limitations of human mindset. Of course, these cases reveals some of the characteristics of the network warfare, cyber-attacks from Russia and Estonia in the more recent period, as well as Russia and Georgia cyber-attacks, and indeed implies a connotation of network warfare.
However, these classic case, do not obscure the more essential to the study and understanding of network warfare, a deeper connotation eyes? In this regard, a review of the U.S. military network chips military history, you will find behind another mystery.
U.S. military the Network Units - Army behind mystery
Published reports on the U.S. military in June 1995, the U.S. 16 "the first generation of cyber warriors" graduated from the U.S. National Defense University, set up the first network warfare units on October 1 of the same year, the U.S. Air Force base in the state of South Carolina 9th Air Force 609 Squadron. In October 1998, the U.S. Department of Defense official inclusion of information warfare doctrine for the same time approved the establishment of the Computer Network Defense Joint Special Forces. In 2001, the U.S. Department of Defense official presentation of the theory of the "network-centric warfare". In 2002, President George W. Bush signed the "National Security Decree No. 16, the formation of a network warfare units - Network Warfare joint function constitute Command (JFCCNW). In April 2005, the U.S. military claimed to have been set up specifically responsible for network operations, network warfare jointly constitute headquarters.
依照这一思路，网络战已不单只是第五空间的搏杀，更是指向社会空间、认知空间的较量。 （石海明 曾华锋 刘昱东）
Rough Mandarin Chinese Translation Page 1
In February 2006, the United States, Britain, Canada and Australia jointly held the first code-named "Cyber Storm" network warfare exercises. In 2007, the U.S. Air Force to the 8th Air Force as the basis, the formation of the Air Force Network Warfare Command, Navy also set up a "Navy computer emergency response unit" Network Science Center at West Point was established. In March 2008, the United States, Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand jointly held a second code-named "Cyber Storm" network warfare exercises. In May of the same year, the U.S. government launched a national network do not move troops "(NCR) plan, claiming that through this" electronic Manhattan Project "to develop" revolutionary "new technology, win online new" space race "to ensure Online security of the United States ". In 2009, U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates announced the formal establishment of the 11 U.S. Command - Network Warfare Command, National Security Director Keith Alexander, a four-star general was nominated as commander, it marks the United States has sounded the horn competing for the hegemony of cyberspace.
In the U.S. network chips military history, 1998 is a special year. According to the famous U.S. military network warfare experts inside Ami de, in the 1990s, the late, exactly is the U.S. information networks of the trial period of the war, during the many exercises to enhance the awareness of the U.S. military for future wars. Especially the effectiveness of the 1996 and 1997 "computer network attack combat exercise most significant was found without any defense force of the Department of Defense to deal with cyber-attacks.
Just at that moment, the U.S. Department of Defense information warfare expert Thomas wrote an article entitled "The brain is not a firewall", article 97 joint military exercises by the U.S. military made a deep introspection, it clear that the U.S. military in information warfare, there are significant hidden, that is, hardware construction spared no expense, facilities are available, but it ignores the brains of the operation of these facilities are the key - people, human consciousness the offensive and protection of the human spirit, and it is precisely these "soft" things information offensive left no fortification of vast space. Thomas the literature published after the U.S. military will soon put forward the concept of "perception manipulation" that future wars will commence in the physical domain, information domain and cognitive domain "three domain". October 9 of the same year, the U.S. Department of Defense released documents, and stressed the need to strengthen collaboration between the agencies within the federal government, to deal with cyber warfare.
At this point, do you see the U.S. military network units military mystery behind it?
The Brain is the Ultimate Network Warfare Battlefield
May 4, 2010, the United States announced a special badge of network warfare units, the central part of the badge on behalf of the Earth in a circular pattern the cross two elliptical orbit around the Earth, on behalf of military satellites. The badge reveals the purpose of the three major U.S. network warfare units: "global delivery network forces launched a full-blow" from the space control network space "and" through the empty days, net.
Obviously, from the U.S. network warfare forces badge can be seen as a technology, the nature of the network is through a natural space, space, social space and cognitive space port for the conduct of the war to open multiple intervention . This is from the U.S. military in recent years, of great concern in our strategy scholars Qiao Liang WANG Xiang Sui's theory of "unrestricted warfare" is evident (2006-2009 at Johns Hopkins University convened a four overrun War "seminar, network warfare is one of the important topics being).
In addition, in recent years, network diplomacy in international relations scholars hot trends in the dissemination of academia popular network spread from the other side reveals, network warfare is not just the the virus battle with hackers warfare, information warfare and psychological warfare, the brain may be the ultimate battlefield network war contest, and this point also talked about from the sci-fi movie "Avatar".
"Avatar" human access to the resources on the planet Pandora, started the Avatar program, that the DNA of humans and Na'vi (the Pandora planet indigenous) mestizo culture "Avatar" so in Pandora survival and exploitation of mineral. Movies, humans rely on the idea of remote control "Avatar" action. The shock of the movie is a comprehensive, multidimensional interpretation from the social, cultural, and military. Only from the perspective of the future war, the film with the idea of control "soldiers" fighting is no longer an illusion.
The brain is the least understood human, the most potential for development of an organ. At present, many countries of the world in the development and utilization of the brain, but also try to apply these findings to the military field.
U.S. intelligence agencies officials have pointed out, due to the rapid development of neuroscience, can lift the enemy armed "pharmacological land mines", but also with a new brain-related equipment to drive unmanned aircraft, and asserted that the human brain will become another battlefield in future wars, which have a profound impact on national security and future combat. University of Washington computer security experts Okura Kono is a neural electronic control technology development at breakneck speed, in the context of countries around the start of network warfare program, the U.S. Furthermore, being overcome brain-computer interface (BCI) technology, the future the invasion network warfare, an important goal is through the Internet and control the brains of enemy personnel, thought control, to achieve the effect or even turn the tide of the battle to steal intelligence.
Network warfare, according to this line of thought, not just the fifth fight of the space, but also points to the social space, cognitive space contest. (Diversity of Converted Land in Northwestern Shanxi near Huafeng Liu Yu-East)