罗援 General Luo Yuan, General Staff Directorate GSD, People’s Liberation Army PLA
2011-2012, Chinese army's new directions and change in focus...informization
Rough Mandarin Chinese Translation:
General Luo Yuan, General Staff Directorate (GSD), People’s Liberation Army (PLA) : 2011-2012, Chinese army's "new directions" and "change in focus."
In 2011, the Chinese military deterrence and combat capability under the conditions of informatization has been enhanced.
2011 was an eventful year, with the "chaos", "risks", "change" a few words to summarize.
2012, China should be in a "calm", "calm", "aggressive" attitude to deal with the world's ever-changing.
Weaponry close to world leader
Overall, for the development of China's military in 2011, is a full new year: new equipment, new establishment, new ideas, new atmosphere.
Over the past year, a large number of new equipment to the troops. Deterrence and combat capability of the Chinese armed forces under conditions of informatization has been enhanced thanks to the equipment.
Specifically, in 2011 the Chinese military equipment development as reflected in four aspects.
First, weaponry part of the inter-generational leap, such as the F-10, F-11B fighter, 99G tanks, 04 crawler infantry assault tanks and other equipment belonging to the third generation of equipment.
Second, fill the blank of some equipment, some types of weapons and equipment of the major Western powers, the Chinese army has been basically have. For example, cruise missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, KJ2000 AWACS, tankers, in particular, the 2011 debut of the aircraft carrier and F-20 aircraft, indicating that China's military weapons and equipment to achieve the full spectrum of jumped.
Third, some of the weapons and equipment of war technical indicators have been close to a world leader, such as the DF-21 ballistic missiles, DF-31A strategic ICBMs, 03 multi-tube rocket warfare technology indicators.
Fourth, to achieve the integration of the development of weapons and equipment, the level of information technology has significantly jumped. For example, the mobile radar and other information technology equipment. Since the majority of the Chinese army weapons and equipment to achieve the transformation of information, can produce the effect of 1 +1> 2. Navy weaponry to enter a new stage of the missiles, electronic, automation and information technology. 052C missile destroyer, 054A missile frigate new surface ships, as well as a number of conventional submarines and nuclear submarines have been in service of the Chinese Navy's self-defense capability has been further improved.
Aerospace, China has entered a world power, will soon become one of the members of the Club of Aerospace Space Station. Of course, we develop the aerospace industry, including Temple One with God eight docking, mainly for scientific investigation, and the benefit of mankind the cause of peace, and will not engage in the militarization of outer space, no arms race in outer space.
But, needless to say, Temple One God eight successful docking, showed that of the rocket launch, space flight target detection, capture, monitoring, perception, docking and other technically already quite mature. Once the dual-use, will be able to greatly improve the ability of self-defense in the Chinese army.
Currently, a large number of advanced weapons and equipment show in the 2009 parade has been fitted out to provide a strong material and technical support for China's national defense and army building. Is particularly worth mentioning is that the Chinese army has "independent innovation as a strategic basis.
Although the strategic objectives, the starting point is not the same as scientific research, military spending is not the same, and we and the world military power there is still a gap in weaponry, equipment can be seen from the recent years, the media has disclosed that the Chinese army has initially three generations as the backbone, as the main body to the second generation of equipment system.
Looking forward to the 2012 Chinese military development, with one word to summarize, is that "change": the new equipment into the new fighting, the new establishment into new benefits, new ideas into new the fighting capacity growth points, new weather becomes the new starting point for the new power.
Major General Luo Yuan, Chinese Strategic Culture Promotion Association executive vice president, deputy secretary general of the China Society of Military Science, member of the 11th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference. (Picture / Chart)
Seize the high ground of strategic think tank
Chinese army in 2011 there is a noteworthy trends: in the year, the General Staff has been newly established or adapted three positive military-level departments - the Ministry of Information, Ministry of Strategic Planning and Military Training Ministry. The establishment of several departments, means that China's military is actively building an information-based army, to prepare for information warfare to seize the high ground.
Strategic Planning Ministry and the Ministry of Information is the main think tank of the Central Military Commission and the command and control of information coordination control hub for military development planning and reform programs, as well as the information construction to provide top-level design, formulate long-term planning and contribute to the intellectual support. They are also a whole army strategic planning and information command, protection coordination department, you can cross the headquarters to cross the armed services, the rational allocation of strategic resources, reduce internal friction and maximize the benefits of comprehensive integration.
In addition, these two departments or agencies of the future blueprints, with a forward-looking. Forewarned is forearmed, without prejudging the waste, strategic planning department can go one step further to see ten steps, see ten steps step, reduce blindness in decision-making, the randomness of a rainy day, and to seize the opportunities before Lee.
In 2011, the high-level personnel changes in the four PLA continue in an orderly manner over senior generals resume enrich into leadership. As can be seen, selecting and appointing cadres of the army system adjustment and reform has achieved initial results, the selection and employment environment has improved significantly.
By building commanding officers appraisal system, the army further clarify the evaluation criteria, standardized evaluation procedures to improve the evaluation schemes to improve the supervision mechanism, solve cadre appraisal loss wholly distorted, inaccurate, mistakes. Now, cadres evaluation, or the appointment of cadres, have formed a carry forward the democratic process and the implementation of democratic measures, to make the selection and recruitment fairer and more scientific.
Can be sure that, selecting and appointing cadres in the army in the future will focus on the core military capabilities to enhance and promote the scientific development of army building, become more transparent and democratic norms, scientific.
Transparency enhance mutual trust
The transparency of the armed forces is not only reflected in the appointment of cadres. In recent years, the Chinese armed forces continue to broaden external communication platforms and channels, information release system has been gradually improved. Chinese army propaganda work, enhance mutual trust with relevant countries can play a role in shaping China's soft power. Specifically, the system by the Department of Defense spokesman, issued a white paper on national defense, interpersonal communication, etc., can shape the Chinese army transparent, pragmatic image.
In the past year, China in the field of military security cooperation on the show a more positive attitude - March 31, 2010 Defense White Paper "; Sino-US strategic security dialogue was held in May, Chen Bingde, Chief of General Staff to visit United States; June, Chinese State Councilor and Defense Minister Liang Guanglie led a delegation to participate in the Shangri-La Dialogue will, which is the highest-level delegation sent to China over the years; Subsequently, Liang Guanglie visited Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines; China and the United States, China and India, respectively, in December defense consultations were held. In addition, China and some neighboring countries to carry out joint military exercises.
As can be seen from these military and diplomatic activities, China's participation in regional security cooperation and take a more proactive, more constructive attitude.
With the upgrading of China's comprehensive national strength and the expansion of the national interest, and make new contributions to world peace and regional security and stability, providing international public goods and security. For example, the Chinese Navy has actively participated in international escort the Gulf of Aden, has sent the the tenth installment ocean escort fleet in 2011.
As another example, the Chinese army, military aircraft and warships to participate actively in the Libyan evacuation mission; rescue teams, medical teams also participated in the Japan earthquake relief activities. The future, the Chinese armed forces will need more to show a good image in the eyes of the world.
"Peaceful rise" is not equal to hang mianzhanpai
From a global perspective, 2011 was an eventful year, with the "chaos", "risks", "change" a few words to summarize. "Chaos" refers to the frequency of the Middle East, North Africa unrest, endless war; "risk" refers to the global financial crisis is not yet over, the debt crisis and dangerous phenomena; "change" refers to the pattern of global strategy and force structure is facing since the end of the Cold War, new a big adjustment, a big change.
China should be based on a "calm", "calm", "aggressive" attitude to deal with the world's ever-changing.
Calm, is a place where, do not be swayed by external disturbances. Maneuvers use of contradictions, disintegrating, carrot and stick, retractable have to fight our friends the better, the better our enemies isolated. The struggle is by no means soft; the cooperation will not miss the opportunity to national interests for final consideration.
Calmly to do, is the established policy, unswervingly adhere to the reform and opening up. First, to run their own affairs well developed, honest and dedicated to our party into the ruling party, our army into the invincible Iron Army, our society into the rich and the poor roughly balanced harmonious society We will be invincible.
Ahead, is to advance with the times, never Conservative. "Low profile" must "do something" to combine "peaceful rise" never equal to hang mianzhanpai. Especially in the matter of national dignity, sovereignty and territorial integrity, core interests and not merely "keeping a low profile."
Deng Xiaoping, the advocates of "keeping a low profile" policy was about four sentences the "good at Shouzhuo the never take the lead, keeping a low profile, make a difference," he also stressed "To maintain our independence, unbelievers, not afraid of the ghost image. cannot show weakness you more afraid, more sign of weakness, others momentum greater people not soft on Hello soft, but rather you people look down on you.
Visible on the problem of the relationship between national independence and sovereignty, Deng Xiaoping advocated "hard" rather than "soft". Sword, the Sword and the shot to shot. Only we have the wishes of the peaceful settlement of disputes "and" We have no lack of will to use non-peaceful means to maintain core national interests "combine, to be effective to stop the war, end the war, and victory when necessary. The final orientation of war and peace, is the core interests of the country cannot be damaged.